HIGGS- AN INVISIBLE FIELD ACROSS THE UNIVERSE

Posted by AnandaOm
AnandaOm
AnandaOm
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on Friday, 28 September 2012 in Anandaom

More than 50 years ago Peter Higgs and five other theoretical physicists proposed that an invisible field lying across the Universe gives particles their mass, allowing them to clump together to form stars and planets.

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Physicists are now convinced that background fields permeate empty space. These fields hide the full simplicity of physical laws. One can consider the possibility that there is a background field permeating all space responsible for giving the electron mass, and slowing them down. We tend to think of fields as mysterious, ethereal things that straddle the line between existence and nothingness, but in reality, they're as real as matter itself. The Higgs theory suggests that all particles have no inherent mass, but instead gain mass by passing through the Higgs field. The Higgs Boson, nicknamed as the “God” particle is the particle associated with the Higgs field — just as photons are associated with an electromagnetic field. The Higgs Boson particle, in the analogy, is like an oxygen or nitrogen molecule in the air: it's the particle that creates the air, but we can think of the air as a fluid.

On July 4, 2012, the scientists working at the world's biggest atom smasher near Geneva have announced the discovery of a new subatomic particle that looks remarkably like the long-sought Higgs Boson. Sometimes called the "God particle" because its existence is fundamental to the creation of the universe, the hunt for the Higgs involved thousands of scientists from all over the world. The scientists suggested that the Higgs Boson gave all other particles mass in the moments following the Big Bang. According to their theory, when the universe cooled, the Higgs Field and Higgs Boson formed. When massless particles pass through the Higgs Field, which is prevalent throughout the universe, the Higgs Boson will cluster around the particle. The more the particle interacts with the field, the more mass it will have. The Standard Model in physics gives a picture of the matter that makes up all the visible universe, and the forces that govern its behaviour, but this is not the end of the story.

Max Planck (Nobel Prize in Physics, known as the founder of quantumtheory) said in 1944: "As a man who has devoted his whole life to the most clear headed science, to the study of matter, I can tell you as a result of my research about atoms this much: There is no matter as such. All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force which brings the particle of an atom to vibration and holds this most minute solar system of the atom together. We must assume behind this force the existence of a conscious and intelligent mind. This mind is the matrix of all matter."

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